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PLANT LIST

(in alphabetical order by Latin names)

English common name Latin name Family   English transliteration
Negev acacia Acacia gerrardii Bentham subsp. negevensis Mimosaceae B shitah
spiraled acacia Acacia raddiana Savi Mimosaceae B shitah
almond Amygdalus communis L. Rosaceae B shaked, luz
strawberry tree Arbutus andrachne L. Ericaceae   k'talav
asphodel Asphodelus ramosus Miller Liliaceae T yavlit
saltplant Atriplex halimus L. Chenopodiaceae B maluakh
balm of Gilead (possible ) Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Zygophyllaceae B? tzori, zakum
Sodom apple Calotropis procera Aiton fil. Asclepiadaceae B a'ra'r
spiny broom Calycotome villosa (Poiret) Link Papilionaceae B ezrakh
caper Capparis spinosa L. Capparaceae T tzalaf
cedar Cedrus libani Loud. Pinaceae B erez
carob, also St. John's bread Ceratonia siliqua L. Caesalpiniaceae B(?)
,T
kharuv
Mediterranean redbud, also Judas tree Cercis siliquastrum L. Caesalpiniaceae   klil hakhoresh
varthemia Chiliadenus iphionoides (Boiss. et Blanche) Brullo Compositae   bar sela
pink rockrose (possible source of ladanum) Cistus creticus L. Cistaceae B? lot, lotem varod
white rockrose (possible source of ladanum) Cistus salviifolius L. Cistaceae B? lot, lotem lavan
fragrant rockrose (possible source of ladanum) Cistus sp. Cistaceae B? lot, lotem davik
citron, also etrog Citrus medica L. Rutaceae T etrog
myrrh (possible ) Commiphora abyssinica Engl. Burseraceae B? mor, commifora
thyme Coridothymus capitatus (L.) Reichenb. Labiatae T siyya
hawthorn Crataegus aronia (L.) D.C. Rosaceae B,T tapuakh, uzrad
cypress Cupressus sempervirens L. Cupressaceae B te'ashur
fig Ficus carica L. Moraceae B te'ena
sycomore, also Egyptian fig Ficus sycomorus L. Moraceae B shikma
barley Hordeum sp. Gramineae B seora
inula Inula viscosa (L.) Ait. Compositae B sirpad
walnut Juglans regia L. Juglandaceae B egoz
laurel, also sweet bay (possible oil tree) Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae B,T etz-shemen, dafna
Spanish lavender Lavandula stoechas L. Labiatea T ezov kokhli
henna Lawsonia inermis L. Lythraceae B (eshkol ha-) koffer
hyssop Majorana syriaca (L.) Rafin. (Origanum Maru L.) Labiatae B ezov
mandrake Mandragora autumnalis Bertol. Solanaceae B dudaim
tea hyssop Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce Labiatea T ezov beit diklai, ezov hatey
myrtle Myrtus communis L. Myrtaceae B hadass
narcissus (possible lily of the valley) Narcissus tazetta L. Amaryllidaceae B shoshanat ha'amkim, narkiss
oleander Nerium oleander L. Apocynaceae T harduf
olive Olea europaea L. Oleaceae B zayit
sand lily Pancratium maritimum L. Amaryllidaceae   khavatzelet hakhof
date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Palmae B tamar
reed Phragmites australis (Cav.) Steudel Gramineae B kaneh
Jerusalem pine (possible oil tree) Pinus halepensis Miller Pinaceae B oren
gum terebinth (possible balm of Gilead) Pistacia lentiscus L. Anacardiaceae B(?)
,T
tzori, mastikin, elat hamastik
terebinth Pistacia palaestina Boiss. Anacardiaceae B elah
pistachio Pistacia vera L. Anacardiaceae B,T botnim, botna, elat habotnim
plane tree Platanus orientalis L. Platanaceae B,T armon, dolev
white poplar Populus alba L. Salicaceae B tzaftzafa (makhsifa)
willow-poplar, also Euphrates poplar Populus euphratica Oliver Salicaceae B,T arava, khilfa-gila
prickly prosopis Prosopis farcta Macbride Mimosaceae B,T kharul, hizma (pl. hizmi)
pomegranate Punica granatum L. Punicaceae B rimon
apple Pyrus malus L. Rosaceae B tapuakh
wild pear Pyrus syriaca Boiss. Rosaceae agass bar
Kermes oak Quercus calliprinos Webb Fagaceae B alon, na'atzutz
Tabor oak Quercus ithaburensis Decaisne Fagaceae B alon, nahalol
white broom Retama raetam (Forssk.) Webb Papilionaceae B rotem
buckthorn Rhamnus lycioides L. subsp. graeca Tutin Rhamnaceae T etzbonit
sumac Rhus coriaria L. Anacardiaceae T og
castor oil tree, also Jonah's gourd Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae B kikayon
wild rose, also dog rose Rosa canina L. Rosaceae T shoshana, vered (hakelev)
madder Rubia tenuifolia Dum.-Urville Rubiaceae T puah shel tzlaot
dyer's madder Rubia tinctorum L. Rubiaceae T puah shel idit, puat hatzabaim
raspberry Rubus sanguineus Friv. Rosaceae T sneh, petel
willow Salix acmophylla Boiss. Salicaceae B arava
pungent sage Salvia dominica L. Labiatae B moriah (kharifa)
three-leafed sage Salvia fruticosa Miller Labiatae B moriah (meshuleshet)
Jerusalem sage Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. Labiatae B moriah (hararit)
Judean sage Salvia judaica Boiss. Labiatae B moriah, moriat yehuda
thorny burnet, also poterium Sarcopoterium spinosum (L.) Spach Rosaceae B,T seerim, seera
whorled savory Satureja thymbra L. Labiatae T ezov romi
golden thistle Scolymus maculatus L. Compositae B khoakh
yellow broom Spartium junceum L. Papilionaceae akhirotem
storax Styrax officinalis L. Styracaceae B livneh
tamarisk Tamarix sp. Tamaricaceae B eshel
poley Teucrium polium L. Labiatea T ezovion
spiked thymbra Thymbra spicata L. Labiatae T ezov midbari
wheat Triticum sp. Gramineae B khitta
Sharon tulip (possible rose of Sharon) Tulipa sharonensis Dinsm. Liliaceae B khavatzelet hasharon
cattail Typha domingensis (Pers.) Steudel Typhaceae B soof
white squill Urginea maritima (L.) Baker Liliaceae T khatzav
Abraham's bush Vitex agnus-castus L. Verbenaceae   siakh avraham
grapevine Vitis vinifera L. Vitaceae B gefen
jujube Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf. Rhamnaceae B atad
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